Giorgio Caproni (1912-1990) was an Italian poet, literary critic and translator, especially from French. He was born in Livorno and grew up in Genoa. He became an elementary teacher in Val Trebbia, where he was also active in the Resistance; from 1945 onward he lived in Rome. His poetic development, like that of other mid-century Italian poets (for example, Luzi, Sereni, and Bertolucci) can be traced in terms of reactions to individuals and movements; his poetics, initially pre-hermetic, looking back to Carducci and borrowing from Saba and Betocchi, eventually became indebted to hermeticism and linked particularly to the impressionistic melodiousness of Gatta.
But after his influences and reactions have been accounted for, we discover in Caproni a singular voice and a distinctive poetry, whose appearances can be deceiving. Like Montale’s, his is a poetry of the earth—notably the soil and rocks, as well as the light and air of Liguria—which is also ironic, dryly intellectual, and metaphysical.
-From Robert Hahn’s introduction in MPT 3/1, Introductions